Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease. Almost a third of people with diabetes develop diabetic nephropathy or Kidney disorder. A proper & immediate care is must to control the adverse effect of it on the body.
Based on data from research, up to 40% of people with diabetes will develop chronic kidney disease. Data from many countries reveal that more than 80% of cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are caused by diabetes, hypertension or a combination of both.
Diabetes, kidney failure and hypertension and are all interlinked. On one hand, type 2 diabetes is a leading cause of kidney failure, leading to hypertension, and on the other, hypertension can often precede CKD and contribute to the progress of kidney problems.
Both diabetes and CKD are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and therefore, the major component in their management is control of CVD risk factors such as hypertension and high blood glucose. It is important to control glucose and blood pressure to lower the risk of kidney disease. Screening for abnormal quantities of albumin in urine (albuminuria) and starting treatment with drugs that reduce the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system when albuminuria is persistently found, even in the absence of hypertension, is very effective to prevent the progress of CKD in people with diabetes.
Screening for albuminuria should be done yearly after diagnosing the people with type 2 diabetes and the same after the first five years in people with type 1 diabetes.